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Image Credits

Details of Creative Commons images used on the "Why Are We Here?" website

Credits

Many of the images used in the Related Content sections of this website are reproduced under a Creative Commons license generously granted by the copyright holders.

About Science

Scientism

What is Scientism? Emmanuel Huybrechts; Science v Philosophy MrT HK; The Atheist's Guide to Reality Greg Westfall; A Reply to Steven Pinker Axel Hartmann; Scientism:  A Word We Need TNS Sofres

Reductionism

Beyond Reductionism Killy Ridols; The Mind and Downward Causation Kiah Ankoor; Top-down Causation Christiaan Colen; Why Downward Causation is Wrong Reuben Ingber; Debating Reductionism MrT HK; Reductionism: A Beginner's Guide Dschmieding

Emergence

A History of Emergence Vadim Kurland; The Music of Life Ikarusmedia; Beyond Reductionism Killy Ridols; Emergence: An Explanation Christopher Brown; The Re-emergence of Emergence Holly Victoria Norval; More is Different Horia Varlan; Emergence: Contemporary Readings Ryan Dickey; Concepts of Emergence Nic McPhee; Consciousness and Emergence Kiah Ankoor;

Narrative and Metaphor

Scientific Storytelling Radoslav Minchev; A Metaphor Too Far Christiaan Colen; The Selfish Gene S Pakhrin; Metaphor in Science Mickey Miranda; Narrative in Science Sebastien Wiertz; The Metaphor Unchained Rachel Docherty; Metaphors and Science Drestrn; The Neuroscience of Narrative Block 70; Metaphor in Evolutionary Biology Nic McPhee; Metaphors We Live By Roman Boed; Your Brain on Metaphors Kyle McDonald.

Our Universe

Fine-tuning

Luke Barnes' Blog Reuben Ingber; What to Read  Miss Dilettante; Fine-Tuning Project NASA; Welcome to the Multiverse Fronteiras do Pensamento; Does the Multiverse Exist? Petras Gagilas; Why the Multiverse isn't Science Nic McPhee; Cosmlogoy: The Science of the Universe NASA; The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning NASA;

Convergence

Showdown on the Burgess Shale MrT HK; A Wonderful Life Carl Milner; Extending Evolutionary Theory Epi.Longo; Predicting E.T Damn_unique; What Do Aliens Look Like? NASA; Convergence, Adaptation and Restraint Nic McPhee;

Cooperation

Cooperation Masterclass Judy Dean; Supercooperators Jake Brown; Cooperation in Nature Shankar; Cooperation and Selfishness NIH; The Evolution of Cooperation Nic McPhee; The Prisoner's Dilemma Claire; Five Rules Woodleywonderworks; Game Theory Questions Cooperation Epi.Longo.

The Non-Material World

Mathematics

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics Nic McPhee; The Reasonable Ineffectiveness of Mathematics Myrmi; Why Aristotle Was Right Ulysse Bellier; 

Non-material Realities

Plato's Works Laszlo Daroczy; Plato's Camera Luiz Filipe Carneiro Machado; The Music of Nature Ville  Hyvönen; The Mind/Brain Controversy Viktor Brezinsky; Bibliography Thomas Leuthard

Knowledge and Truth

The Limits of Knowledge

A Theory of Everything Jared Tarbell; Impossible Inferences Ivan T; The Final Phase Parameter Bond; The Island of Knowledge NASA; Dreams of a Final Theory Kasia; What We Cannot Know Judy Dean;

Beauty and Truth

Mathematical Beauty Anders Sandberg; Beautiful Symmetry Tom Marvel; The Quest for Beauty Kellinahandbasket; Science and Beauty Dottie Day; Fearful Symmetry Eric S

Different Beauties

A Tear at the Edge of Creation NASA; Truth or Beauty Kasi; In a Nutshell Reuben Ingber; Creating Beauty Felix Chen; A Sign of Truth Nic McPhee; Aesthetics in Biology NIH; Wabi-Sabi Leesean; The Divided Brain Wellcome Images;

The Sublime

Why do we Experience Awe? Scott Wylie; Music and Spirituality Pawel Maryanov; Against the Sublime Douglas Scortegagna; Beyond the Finite Gabriele Diwald; On the Sublime Horia Varlan;

Morality

Moral Truths

The Sam Harris Debate MrT HK; Moral Arguments for God Jessica Branstetter; Morality without God Nic McPheeMoral Realism: A Defence Sergio Russo; An Introduction to Ethics Christopher Brown;

Moral Instincts

The Moral Life of Babies Dhinal Chheda; A History of Evolutionary Ethics Horia Varlan; Darwinian Explanations of Morality Nic McPhee; The Biological Basis of Ethics Sage Ross; Challenging Evolutionary Ethics Vector Open Stock;

Moral Decisions

Should you Kill the Fatman? Alex Gorzen; The Trolley Problem Martin Fisch; Concerns about Trolley Problems Karyn Christner; RIP The Trolley Problem? Forsaken Fotos; Making Moral Decisions National Assembly of Wales; Rationalism v Sentimentalism Wellcome Images; Moral Decisions Thomas Leuthard; Moral Tribes Zorah Olivia; Moral Judgements Nic McPhee;

Science and Morality

A Science of the Moral Sense Simon Fraser University; The New Science of Morality Shaun Fisher; Different Worlds Reuben Ingber; Braintrust Wellcome Images; The Moral Landscape Reno Tahoe Territory; Moral Philosophy as Applied Science Nic McPhee; The Neurobiology of Morality Drestrn;

Humanity

The Human Species

Knowledge Seekers D_Pham; What Makes us Human? Florian Schwalsberger; Twelve Theories Various Brennemans; Theory of Mind in Animals Leon; The Roots of Language Andrew Smith; Language, Labour, Identity Phototronic Syntropy; Animals Think Therefore... Cchana; Are Humans Just Another Primate? Judy Dean; Three Theories  Nic McPhee; Are We Smart Enough? John B Wilson; Why Can't Animals Read? Kamil Porembinski.

Meaning

The Search for Meaning Transformer18; How Do You Make Life Matter? Kickize; Science and Meaning Brett Jordan; Why Are We Here? Joan Sorolla;

People

Peter Atkins

Galileo's Finger Daniel Boyd; The Laws of Thermodynamics Jumbero.

Simon Conway Morris

Life's Solution Mendhak.

Molly Crockett

The Neuroscience of Moral Decisions Nic McPhee.

George Ellis

Why the Multiverse isn't Science Petras Gagilas; How can Physics Underlie the Mind? NICHD/P. Basser; Does the Multiverse Really Exist? Nic McPhee; On the Moral Nature of the Universe NASA.

Jane Goodall

In the Shadow of Man Mathias Appel; Africa in my Blood Gill Penney; Does the Universe have a Purpose? Nic McPhee.

Marcelo Gleiser

A Tear at the Edge of Creation NASA; The Island of Knowledge NASA; The Simple Beauty of the Unexpected Michael.

Sunetra Gupta

The Glassblower's Breath Jason Michael.

Denis Noble

The Music of Life Website Rafael Saldana; The Third Way Vector Open Stock.

Martin Nowak

Supercooperators Jake Brown.

Roger Penrose

The Emperor's New Mind Isaiah van Hunen; Shadow's of the Mind Parameter Bond; The Road to Reality Sam Greenhalgh.

Alex Rosenberg

The Atheist's Guide to Reality Greg Westfall.

Frans de Waal

The Bonobo and the Atheist Jeroen KransenAre We Smart Enough? John B Wilson; Chimpanzee Politics Toshihiro Gamo.

Frank Wilczek

MIT Themozi; Longing for the Harmonies Mitch Huang.

Semir Zeki

The Splendours and Miseries of the Brain Wellcome Images; The Experience of Mathematical Beauty Anders Sandberg; Neurobiology of the Sublime and Beautiful Nic McPhee.